Bank Stocks… The Good, The Bad and The Ugly

by Dan November 30, 2018 3:07 pm • Trade Ideas

On Wednesday Investors were given an early Holiday gift in the form of two words, that they perceived to be a dovish shift by Fed Chairman Powell in a speech in NYC, causing the largest single-day rally of 2.3% in the S&P 500 in 8 months, per NYT:

The chairman, Jerome H. Powell, said the Fed’s benchmark interest rate was “just below” the neutral level, meaning the central bank was close to the point where it would not be tapping on the brakes or pressing on the gas. Only last month, Mr. Powell had said it was “a long way” from neutral, leaving investors worried that the rate increases would crimp growth.

The thought here is that after next month’s rate hike, investors see fewer than the three hikes that were priced in only months ago for 2019, and thus lower rates make stocks more attractive. But in an interview on CNBC yesterday with Gluskin Sheff’s David Rosenberg, he made the point that one less quarter-point rate hike next year does not change the fact that that the Fed’s balance sheet reduction aka quantitative tightening has effectively made financial conditions far tighter than what the Fed Funds rate suggests. Rosenberg suggests that the Fed allowing $600 billion in bonds this year and next is the equivalent of over 100 basis points of tightening this year and next.

“The Fed doesn’t really have to do anything on rates. Just the balance sheet alone is going to create quite a significant liquidity squeeze next year.”

“It’s uncertain as to whether that causes an outright recession,” he said. “But it’s certainly going to trigger, I think, a significant slowdown that we’re already starting to see in a lot of the credit-sensitive data.”

“It doesn’t change my opinion of where Fed policy is going to be going over the next year — which is probably a little tighter than what’s priced in right now,” Rosenberg said. “There’s never been a Fed tightening cycle at any time where the Fed didn’t go above that fabled neutral level.”

It’s been my view that for the Fed to back off of increases before the Fed Funds rate was at least above the inflation rate that it would likely signal a downgrade of the U.S. economy, that is in the 10th year of the longest economic expansion in 100 years. Its also been my view that the relative underperformance of banks stocks in 2018 has been signaling that an economic recession is likely to come sooner than most economists think, as investors should be piling into this group given the promise of the fiscal stimulus of last year’s tax cuts and a tight labor market. But this has not been the case, aside from JPM’s 3% year to date gains, basically, in line with the S&P 500’s ytd performance, many in the group are in severe correction territory. Looking at U.S. bank stocks its a classic case of the good, the bad, and the ugly.

The Good: JPM… the anointed one. Prior to the surprise election result in November 2016, JPM was already threatening new all-time highs, the hope for de-regulation, fiscal stimulus and subsequent higher growth made JPM a must-own. This year the stock has stalled, but has held key support just above $100:

 

The Bad: GS… in 2018 has been hit with some headlines that have caused investors to be uncertain about the direction of their new management and their involvement in a scandal in Malaysia that is making it hard for investors to quantify potential fines and damages. The stock is less than 5% from round-tripping its entire move since the 2016 election, down 25% on the year and down 30% from the all-time highs made earlier this year:

 

The Downright Ugly: DB… the company has had no shortage of scandals this year, with this week’s focus on their corporate headquarters getting raided by German investigators in an ongoing money laundering scam. The stock is down 52% on the year, having just made new all-time lows this week:

 

As we head into next month’s Fed meeting, and ultimately year-end I see little reason why investors will look to bottom fish in the poor performing names in the group, despite cheap valuations. I also think that after Wednesday’s gains, the Fed statement could offer more color on QT as Rosenberg highlighted in the interview from yesterday, and this might cause a slight reversal of the near term positive sentiment stoked by Powell’s change of verbiage. It is my opinion that the poor performance of most bank stocks all-year signals a less rosy outlook for the U.S. and the global economy in 2019 and it makes sense to at least lighten up on bank stocks and traders consider defined risk shorts.

Citi (C) stands out to me as a stock that could be vulnerable into the new year. On valuation it is the only major U.S. money center bank that trades below its book value, I suspect that is for good reason. Secondly, the stock’s recent bounce from just above $60 comes above massive technical support.

And lastly, if DB were to cause a sort of contagion in the Euro banking sector, or if the trade war with China and possibly Europe were to cause a global growth scare, Citi’s exposure outside the U.S. would quickly be viewed as a liability.

So what’s the trade?

The next identifiable catalyst for Citi will be their Q4 results on January 14th, but I suspect near term any further escalation of the trade dispute, further collapse of DB and a reversal of this weeks enthusiasm of Fed commentary and banks stocks close on lows for 2018.

Bearish Trade Idea: C ($64.70) Buy Dec 64 / 60 put spread for $1

-Buy to open 1 Dec 64 put for 1.30

-Sell to open 1 Dec 60 put at 30 cents

Break-even on Dec expiration:

Profits of up to 3 between 63 and 60 with max gain of 3 at 60 or lower

Losses of up to 1 between 63 and 64 with max loss of 1 above 64

Rationale: This trade idea risks 1.5% of the stock price over the next three weeks, but given the markets recent volatility, the group’s underperformance, and no shortage of potential tape-bombs risking 1 to possibly make 3 if the stock is back at support looks attractive imo.

Given the short-dated nature of this trade idea, it makes sense to consider a downside stop. As regular readers know we like to use a 50% premium stop on long premium event trade ideas.

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